People Behind the Pixels





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Rutgers Computer Art Center

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  • In 1974 Philip Orenstein of Rutgers' Mason Gross School of the Arts established the Computer Art Center. It was one of the first computer art programs in an actual art department. The initial work there was done using Ken Knowlton (Bell Labs) Explore computer graphics system. Art was output on an IBM 360 Mainframe line printer. Programming was accomplished by using the Explore language with punch cards. Orenstein around 1978 obtained a grant for a color Xerox machine and art students used that for other techno-art. Sandy Ressler an art student (1974-1980) along with computer science students, David Touretzky, Josh Hall, and Lyn Marantz created an interactive system called "Interart" (published in APL Quote Quad). This was a vector based …